Saturday, December 16, 2017

New Issue: Nordic Journal of Human Rights

The latest issue of the Nordic Journal of Human Rights (Vol. 35, no. 4, 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • International Election Observation
    • Bård A. Andreassen & Jo Martin Stigen, International Election Observation: Promoting Human Rights-based Governance
    • Avery Davis-Roberts & David J Carroll, International Election Observer Recommendations and UN Human Rights Mechanisms: Toward a More Robust System of Global Accountability on Democracy and Human Rights
    • Therese Pearce Laanela, Beyond the Checklist: Addressing New Challenges in Election Observation Methodology
    • Kåre Vollan, International Election Observation and Standards for Systems of Representation: A Critical View
    • Michael Lidauer, Armin Rabitsch & Iris O’Rourke, Mapping Legislation for Citizen and International Election Observation in Europe: A Comparative Analysis on the Basis of OSCE/ODIHR Reports
    • Virginia Atkinson, Rebecca Aaberg & Staffan Darnolf, Disability Rights and Election Observation: Increasing Access to the Political Process
    • Svetlana Chetaikina & Vasil Vashchanka, Gap for Improvement: Election Observation and Political Representation of Women in the OSCE Region
    • Max Grömping, Domestic Election Monitoring and Advocacy: An Emerging Research Agenda

Call for Papers: The Authoritarian Pushback and the Resilience of International Institutions

The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law has issued a call for papers for a panel on “The Authoritarian Pushback and the Resilience of International Institutions” at the ICON Society Annual Conference in Hong Kong. Here's the call:

Call for Papers

The Authoritarian Pushback and the Resilience
of International Institutions

Panel at ICON Society Annual Conference
25-27 June 2018, Hong Kong

The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law invites the submission of proposals for a panel entitled “The Authoritarian Pushback and the Resilience of International Institutions” at the upcoming ICON Society annual conference in Hong Kong. More than a decade after the emergence of public law approaches to international institutions, such as Global Administrative Law (GAL), Global Constitutionalism, or International Public Authority (IPA), the international system has changed dramatically. The Trump presidency and the British Brexit vote are among the most visible examples of a growing trend against global governance and international decision-making as it currently stands. What had once been taken for granted in scholarship as well as in practice – the expansion of international law, the proliferation of institutional institutions, and universal standards of democracy and human rights – is now being challenged on several fronts. All around the globe we observe governments stressing their respective national interest and deciding to opt out of, or terminate, international cooperation mechanisms. The backlash against global governance is in full swing: From withdrawals from the Rome Statute, the Paris Agreement or the TPP, to the non-execution of judgments of international courts. At the same time, most international institutions continue to carry on, sometimes under increasing financial and political constraints. Lastly, new arrangements like the Belt and Road Initiative have emerged, raising questions of whether they contribute to, or rather sideline international regimes already in place.

The panel will address several research questions that emerge from this situation:

  • How does the authoritarian, nationalist pushback change international institutions, including international courts, and how do these changes affect their problem-solving capacity?
  • How does the authoritarian, nationalist pushback affect the legitimacy of international institutions, including international courts?
  • How resilient are international institutions, including international courts, against the authoritarian, nationalist pushback, and which strategies do they adopt?
Scholars of all levels are invited to submit proposals of up to 500 words until 20 January 2018 to ipa2018@mpil.de. Successful applicants will receive financial support for their travel expenses of up to 1000,- euros.

Contact: Matthias Goldmann (goldmann@mpil.de), Silvia Steini

Friday, December 15, 2017

Call for Papers: Key Biographies in the Legal History of European Union 1950-1993

A call for papers has been issued for a conference on "Key Biographies in the Legal History of European Union 1950-1993," to take place June 21-22, 2018, at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, in Frankfurt. Here's the call:

Call for Papers

Key Biographies in the Legal History of European Union 1950-1993

Frankfurt/Main, 21-22 June 2018

“Legal History of the European Union” is a recently established research field at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History at Frankfurt. The MPIeR attempts to situate the history of European law in a longue durée perspective, with a strong comparative dimension and taking into account the broader political and socio-economic context.

The activities of the research group include the organization of an annual conference. Last year’s conference explored the legal history and the travaux préparatoires of the 1957 Rome Treaties. The conference proceedings are currently being prepared for publication.

The 2018 conference will scrutinize the history of European law with a distinct focus on professional biographies, both of key personalities in the history of European integration and of less prominent actors – national, transnational and European.

Panels may include, but are not necessarily restricted to the following topics:

  • Negotiators of European treaties from 1950 until the present-day
  • Actors involved in the constitutional practice of the European Court of Justice
  • Member-state representatives dealing with the national reception of European law or counteracting the ECJ’s constitutional practice
  • Scholars from the emerging academic field of “European law” or “European Studies” in the wider sense and their interpretations of European law
  • Members of European movements, lobbies, media or other professional organizations involved in the process of European Union
We welcome proposals of not more than 150 words by 15th January 2018. Please email your proposal and a short CV to bajon@rg.mpg.de.

Professor Stefan Vogenauer
Dr. Philip Bajon

Workshop: International Law and Accountable, Transparent Institutions

On January 19, 2018, the Department of International Law of the University of Groningen will hold a workshop on "International Law and Accountable, Transparent Institutions." The program is here. The workshop is part of the 2017-2018 Workshop Series on "International Law for the Sustainable Development Goals."

Van Regemorter: The International Criminal Court and the Right to Interim Release

Maïté Van Regemorter has published The International Criminal Court and the Right to Interim Release (Bruylant 2018). Here's the abstract:
Does a person accused of genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes before the International Criminal Court (ICC) enjoy the same human rights as a person accused of the same crimes before a national jurisdiction? In other words, to what extent does the ICC have an obligation to respect human rights of a suspect or accused person and, if so, can it do so? The purpose of this book is precisely to answer this question by focusing on the right to interim release of an accused. It seeks to draw attention to this issue and improve the practice of the ICC by presenting a clear legal argument from which key actors, such as defense lawyers, can draw from to enforce their clients’ right to freedom. To this end, it identifies the basis of the ICC’s legal obligation and defines the right to provisional release pending trial. On the basis of this definition, the compliance by the ICC with this obligation is analyzed. Like other authors who examined the question of the applicability of human rights to the ICC, the author of this book considers that the particular context in which the ICC acts must be taken into account when assessing its ability to respect human rights. However, unlike such authors, this book demonstrates that, regarding the right to interim release, this particular context is not necessarily an obstacle that defense lawyers must uncritically accept. The practice of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) offers multiple examples of successful provisional releases in cases where a State agrees to offer guarantees for the reception of an accused in its territory. This book therefore argues for the obligation of the ICC to obtain such guarantees and outlines the remedies available to an accused in case of inaction by the ICC and lack of good will of its State parties, including recourse to the European Court of Human Rights.

Kireyev & Osakwe: Trade Multilateralism in the Twenty-First Century

Alexei Kireyev (International Monetary Fund) & Chiedu Osakwe (World Trade Organization) have published Trade Multilateralism in the Twenty-First Century: Building the Upper Floors of the Trading System through WTO Accessions (Cambridge Univ. Press 2017). Contents include:
  • Alexei Kireyev & Chiedu Osakwe, Making trade multilateralism work for all: the role of WTO accessions
  • Alexei Kireyev, The WTO and the changing state of the global economy
  • Micheline Calmy-Rey & Svenja Rauch, The art and science of negotiation: de-politicizing and technicizing negotiations
  • Alexei Kireyev, Chiedu Osakwe & Anna Varyanik, The accession of Kazakhstan: dealing with complexity
  • Arancha González, Helping businesses navigate WTO accession
  • Maša Lekić & Chiedu Osakwe, WTO rules, accession protocols and mega-regionals – complementarity and governance in the rules-based global economy
  • Juneyoung Lee, Nora Neufeld & Anna Varyanik, Promoting good governance: from encouraging a principle to taking concrete action – examples from WTO accession protocols and the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
  • Hubert Escaith, Chiedu Osakwe, Vicky Chemutai & Ying Yan, Transforming accessions data into knowledge
  • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf & Axel Addy, Accession of Liberia: an agenda for transformation
  • Humayoon Rasaw, Afghanistan's accession: challenged by conflict
  • Pierre Laporte, Charles Morin & Cillia Mangroo, The WTO accession of Seychelles: lessons from a small island economy
  • Atsuyuki Oike, WTO accession negotiations from a negotiator's perspective
  • Antony Taubman, How post-TRIPS negotiations reframe the 'trade-related aspects' of intellectual property after TRIPS: the lessons of WTO accessions
  • Robert D. Anderson, Anna Caroline Müller & Nivedita Sen, Competition policy in WTO accessions: filling in the blanks in the international trading system
  • Tatiana Yanguas Acosta, Geographical indications in the accessions landscape
  • Diwakar Dixit, WTO accession commitments on agriculture: lessons for WTO rule-making
  • Nannan Gao & Fangying Zheng, The WTO-plus obligations: dual class or a strengthened system?
  • Josefita Pardo de León & Mariam Soumaré, Accession protocols and the private sector
  • Maika Oshikawa, Post-accession support platform
  • Alexei Kireyev & Chiedu Osakwe, Conclusion – trade multilateralism: enhancing flexibility, preserving the momentum

New Volume: Recueil des Cours

Volume 386 of the Recueil des Cours, Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law is out. Contents include:
  • Volume 386
    • Sean D. Murphy, International Law relating to Islands
    • Giuseppe Cataldi, La mise en oeuvre des décisions des tribunaux internationaux dans l’ordre interne

Nauta: The International Responsibility of NATO and its Personnel during Military Operations

David Nauta (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) has published The International Responsibility of NATO and its Personnel during Military Operations (Brill | Nijhoff 2018). Here's the abstract:
In 1999, the Alliance mistakenly bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. Around the same period, allegations were made regarding its involvement in human trafficking and forced prostitution in Bosnia-Herzegovina. A decade later, NATO airplanes hit a fuel truck causing significant civilian casualties in Kunduz, Afghanistan. After more than 60 years of existence and a track-record of more than 30 missions performed worldwide, it is surprising that there is still uncertainty on the scope and content of NATO’s responsibility for wrongful conduct during its military operations. This timely book deals with the international responsibility of NATO during military operations. It examines, the status of the Alliance, the existence of international obligations and conditions of attribution of conduct in NATO.

Palombino: Fair and Equitable Treatment and the Fabric of General Principles

Fulvio Maria Palombino (Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II - Law) has published Fair and Equitable Treatment and the Fabric of General Principles (Asser Press 2018). Here's the abstract:
This book moves from the circumstance whereby currently the obligation to provide fair and equitable treatment (FET) to foreign investments is included in the majority of international investment agreements and has proved to be the most invoked standard in investor-State arbitration. Hence, it is no overstatement to describe this standard as the basic norm of international investment law. Yet both its meaning and normative basis continue to be shrouded in ambiguity and, as a consequence, to inspire a considerable number of interpretations by legal writers. The book’s precise aim is to unravel such ambiguity, arguing from the idea that FET has become part of the fabric of general international law, but has done so by means of a source somewhat neglected in legal doctrine. This being the category of general principles peculiar to a certain field of international law, i.e. those principles having their own foundations in the international legal order itself, but which, through the mediation of the judge, end up being shaped according to the features typical of a specific normative field. The book, as well as having a solid theoretical backdrop as its basis, offers a careful and critical analysis of pertinent case law, and will prove useful to both scholars and practitioners.

Thursday, December 14, 2017

New Issue: Global Society

The latest issue of Global Society (Vol. 32, no. 1, 2018) is out. Contents include:
  • Andrea Schneiker & Jutta Joachim, Revisiting Global Governance in Multistakeholder Initiatives: Club Governance Based on Ideational Prealignments
  • Larry Crump & Christian Downie, The G20 Chair and the Case of the Global Economic Steering Committee
  • Charalampos Efstathopoulos, Middle Powers and the Behavioural Model
  • Evangelos Fanoulis & Vjosa Musliu, Sovereignty a-venir: Towards a Normative Understanding of Sovereignty
  • Athanasios Gkoutzioulis, With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility: On Foucault’s Notions of Power, Subjectivity, Freedom and Their (Mis)Understanding in IR
  • N.A.J. Taylor, The Problem of Nuclear Harm for Andrew Linklater, Lorraine Elliott and Other Contemporary Cosmopolitans

deGuzman: The Global-Local Dilemma and the ICC's Legitimacy

Margaret M. deGuzman (Temple Univ. - Law) has posted The Global-Local Dilemma and the ICC's Legitimacy (in Legitimacy and International Courts, Harlan Grant Cohen et al eds., forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
A key impediment to the ICC’s legitimacy is the tension between its dual mandates to both serve the global community, especially through world-wide crime prevention, and to assist the local communities most affected by the crimes it adjudicates, including by providing reparations. These mandates can sometimes be pursued simultaneously, but some decisions require the ICC to privilege one or the other set of objectives. For instance, effective global crime prevention may require dispersing prosecutorial resources across large geographic areas, whereas the victims in ICC situation countries may prefer a greater depth of prosecutions within a given situation. This Chapter demonstrates that the literature on the ICC’s legitimacy has largely failed to address this “global-local dilemma.” It argues that greater attention should be devoted to clarifying the ICC’s mission in order to promote the institution’s still fragile legitimacy.

New Issue: Review of International Studies

The latest issue of the Review of International Studies (Vol. 44, no. 1, January 2018) is out. Contents include:
  • Rebecca Sanders, Human rights abuses at the limits of the law: Legal instabilities and vulnerabilities in the ‘Global War on Terror’
  • Marieke de Goede, The chain of security
  • Rita Floyd, Parallels with the hate speech debate: the pros and cons of criminalising harmful securitising requests
  • Klejda Mulaj, Violence of war, ontopology, and the instrumental and performative constitution of the political community
  • Kimberly Hutchings, War and moral stupidity
  • Kurt Mills & Alan Bloomfield, African resistance to the International Criminal Court: Halting the advance of the anti-impunity norm
  • Paul K. MacDonald, Embedded authority: a relational network approach to hierarchy in world politics
  • Matthew Castle, Embedding regional actors in social and historical context: Australia-New Zealand integration and Asian-Pacific regionalism
  • Mathew Davies, Regional organisations and enduring defective democratic members

Chehtman: A Theory of International Crimes: Conceptual and Normative Issues

Alejandro Chehtman (Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Law) has posted A Theory of International Crimes: Conceptual and Normative Issues (in The Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
The quest for a unified theory of international criminalization is an important part of a compelling general theory of international criminal law. Any such account would need to have a conceptual and a normative dimension. This chapter addresses these two issues in turn. At a conceptual level, it argues that international crimes are criminal prohibitions provided under international law which are global in scope. This entails, first, that perpetrators of these crimes can be brought to justice by any national authority as well as by international and regional tribunals with no traditional connection to the crime, the perpetrators or the victims. Second, that they can be brought to justice on the basis of international law alone, irrespective of the specific legislation of any national authority allowing or even mandating such conduct. I thereby reject recent accounts, notably advocated by Roger O’Keefe and Kevin Heller, which seek to define international crimes merely by reference to the relevant legal source of the prohibition. I argue that in order to explain what an international crime is, we need to take centrally into consideration also the function that this concept serves as a matter of legal practice. At a normative level, I argue that international crimes are simply those which cannot be in force on the basis of a domestic prohibition alone, essentially because they are perpetrated, instigated or allowed by the territorial state, or because this state cannot do anything about them. As a result, individuals in different parts of the world have a fundamental interest in those who perpetrate this type of conduct being called to account by at least some domestic or international court, in order for these prohibitions to be considered in force. The chapter concludes by rejecting two recent proposals to radically expand the scope of international criminalization, either over any serious human rights violation, or over acts which do not show a significant level moral gravity or atrocity. By contrast, it offers a reinterpretation of the scope of international criminalization by putting into question the requirement that international crimes be perpetrated by groups with a significant level of organization, as currently provided for by the laws on crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Alter & Raustiala: The Politics of International Regime Complexity

Karen J. Alter (Northwestern Univ. - Political Science) & Kal Raustiala (Univ. of California, Los Angeles - Law) have posted The Politics of International Regime Complexity (Annual Review of Law and Social Sciences, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
The signature feature of 21st century global governance is arguably not the international regime but the regime complex. A regime complex is an array of partially overlapping and nonhierarchical institutions that includes more than one international agreement or authority. The institutions and agreements may be functional or territorial in nature. International regime complexity refers to political systems of global governance that emerge because of the co-existence of rule density and regime complexes. This review essay highlights insights and questions that emerge from the last fifteen years of scholarship on the politics of international regime complexity, explaining why regime complexes arise, what factors sustain them, and the range of political effects regime complexity creates. Our conclusion explains why in a Post-American world order, the trend of international regime complexity will likely accelerate.

Grosse Ruse-Khan: TRIPS to FTAs and Back: Re-Conceptualising the Role of a Multilateral IP Framework in a TRIPS-Plus World

Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan (Univ. of Cambridge - Law) has posted From TRIPS to FTAs and Back: Re-Conceptualising the Role of a Multilateral IP Framework in a TRIPS-Plus World (Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
International intellectual property (IP) protection is increasingly governed by a network of bilateral and regional treaties. Most of these contain obligations on the protection and enforcement of IP that set significantly higher standards than those of the TRIPS Agreement, commonly referred to as ‘TRIPS-plus’. Human rights bodies, NGOs, and academic commentators often criticise these standards for undermining flexibilities available under TRIPS. Such policy space, however, is critical to design national IP laws in light of domestic needs. This chapter makes a case for the continued relevance of the TRIPS Agreement as an overarching, multilateral framework. My argument is based on the role treaty law affords to the object and purpose expressed in Articles 7 and 8 TRIPS. They have not only been recognised as essential for promoting access to medicines in the Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health. As integral objectives and principles of TRIPS, Articles 7 and 8 limit the ability of WTO Members to modify their IP-related treaty obligations inter se. Based on their negotiation history and common understandings expressed by WTO Members, I argue for an enhanced role of TRIPS’ object and purpose as a loose constitutional frame for IP commitments in bilateral and regional treaties.

New Issue: Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law

The latest issue of the Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law (Vol. 5, no. 2, 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • The Dokdo/Takeshima Dispute
    • Paul Huth, Sunwoong Kim & Terence Roehrig, Special Issue Introduction
    • Paul Huth & Sunwoong Kim, Is There a Path to Peaceful Resolution in the Dokdo/Takeshima Dispute?
    • Hee Eun Lee, South Korea’s Claim to Dokdo
    • Hyon Joo Yoo, Domestic Politics in South Korea and the Territorial Issue of Dokdo
    • Terence Roehrig, Stuck Between Two Allies: The United States and the Dokdo/Takeshima Dispute

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

New Issue: ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal

The latest issue of the ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal (Vol. 32, no. 3, Fall 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • NUS Centre for International Law Collection of Articles on an Appellate Body in ISDS
    • Meg Kinnear & Christine Sim, Introduction to the Collection
    • J. Christopher Thomas & Harpreet Kaur Dhillon, The Foundations of Investment Treaty Arbitration: The ICSID Convention, Investment Treaties and the Review of Arbitration Awards
    • Elsa Sardinha, The Impetus for the Creation of an Appellate Mechanism 503 Mark Feldman, Investment Arbitration Appellate Mechanism Options: Consistency, Accuracy, and Balance of Power
    • Mark Huber & Greg Tereposky, The WTO Appellate Body: Viability as a Model for an Investor–State Dispute Settlement Appellate Mechanism
    • Chester Brown, Supervision, Control, and Appellate Jurisdiction: The Experience of the International Court
    • N. Jansen Calamita, The Challenge of Establishing a Multilateral Investment Tribunal at ICSID
    • Elsa Sardinha, The New EU-Led Approach to Investor-State Arbitration: The Investment Tribunal System in the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA) and the EU–Vietnam Free Trade Agreement
    • Colin M. Brown, A Multilateral Mechanism for the Settlement of Investment Disputes. Some Preliminary Sketches
    • Lucy Reed & Christine Sim, Potential Investment Treaty Appellate Bodies: Open Questions
  • Article
    • Facundo Pérez-Aznar, Investment Protection in Exceptional Situations: Compensation-for-Losses Clauses in IIAs
  • Case Comment
    • Tomoko Ishikawa, Marco Gavazzi and Stefano Gavazzi v Romania: A New Approach to Determining Jurisdiction over Counterclaims in ICSID Arbitration?

New Issue: Yale Journal of International Law

The latest issue of the Yale Journal of International Law (Vol. 42, no. 2, Summer 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • David Glazier, Zora Colakovic, Alexandra Gonzalez & Zacharias Tripodes, Failing Our Troops: A Critical Assessment of the Department of Defense Law of War Manual
  • Emilie M. Hafner-Burton, Sergio Puig & David G. Victor, Against Secrecy: The Social Cost of International Dispute Settlement
  • Frédéric Gilles Sourgens, The Privacy Principle

New Issue: International Human Rights Law Review

The latest issue of the International Human Rights Law Review (Vol. 6, no. 2, 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • Jeremy Julian Sarkin, How Conditional Amnesties Can Assist Transitional Societies in Delivering on the Right to the Truth
  • Anna Mlynarska-Sobaczewska, Utopian Concept, Mixed Structure, Digital Extent and New Claims
  • Jessica Lynn Corsi, Drone Deaths Violate Human Rights: The Applicability of the ICCPR to Civilian Deaths Caused by Drones
  • Sylvanus Gbendazhi Barnabas, The Legal Status of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) in Contemporary International Human Rights Law
  • Ronagh J.A. McQuigg, The CEDAW Committee and Gender-Based Violence against Women

New Issue: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy

The latest issue of the Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy (Vol. 2, no. 2, 2017) is out. Contents include:
  • Marine Environmental Protection in Asia: Regional Implementation of IMO Conventions
    • David Freestone, Moon Sang Kwon & Seokwoo Lee, Marine Environmental Protection in Asia
    • Robert Beckman & Zhen Sun, The Relationship between UNCLOS and IMO Instruments
    • Keyuan Zou & Lei Zhang, Implementing the London Dumping Convention in East Asia
    • Millicent McCreath, Burgeoning Practice of Southeast Asian States to Protect the Marine Environment from the Effects of International Shipping
    • Monacelli Nicholas, Applying Cold-Ironing Regulation in Southeast Asian Ports to Reduce Emissions
  • State Law of the Sea Practice in Asian Pacific States
    • Hadyu Ikrami, Indonesia’s Reform of Its Fisheries Law and Policy & Cooperation with ASEAN in Combating IUU Fishing
    • James Wraith, The Irony behind the Curtains

Mitchell, Munro, & Voon: Importing WTO General Exceptions into International Investment Agreements: Proportionality, Myths and Risks

Andrew D. Mitchell (Univ. of Melbourne - Law), James Munro (Univ. of Melbourne - Law), & Tania S.L. Voon (Univ. of Melbourne - Law) have posted Importing WTO General Exceptions into International Investment Agreements: Proportionality, Myths and Risks (Yearbook of International Investment Law and Policy 2016-2017, forthcoming). Here's the abstract:
General exceptions are increasingly ‘imported’ from the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (Article XX) and General Agreement on Trade in Services (Article XIV) into the different context of international investment agreements. Such importation is effected through various forms of language and structures in different treaties, with the general intention of enhancing the ability of host States to regulate in the public interest, as exemplified in several recent treaties, including a number signed in 2016. However, this approach does not appear to have been accompanied by rigorous analysis of the different forms of policy flexibility presented in core investment disciplines on the one hand (expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, and non-discrimination) and WTO-style general exceptions on the other. In practice, investment norms have already evolved to encompass policy space, albeit sometimes subject to a stringent proportionality test. Understanding the impact of general exceptions on the interpretation of existing investment obligations requires close investigation of those developments as well as WTO jurisprudence and the law of treaties in public international law. While the WTO general exceptions offer greater deference to regulatory sovereignty than is usually recognised, their inclusion in investment treaties risks undermining host States’ policy objectives in unintended ways unless carefully delineated and situated in the treaty alongside relevant clarifications.

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Meguro: Distinguishing the Legal Bindingness and Normative Content of Customary International Law

Maiko Meguro (Univ. of Amsterdam) has posted an ESIL Reflection on Distinguishing the Legal Bindingness and Normative Content of Customary International Law.

Kalantry & Pradhan: Veil Bans in the European Court of Human Rights

Sital Kalantry (Cornell Univ. - Law) & Maithili Pradhan have posted an ASIL Insight on Veil Bans in the European Court of Human Rights.

Sivakumaran: Who Makes International Law? The Case of the Law of Armed Conflict

Sandesh Sivakumaran (Univ. of Nottingham - Law) has posted Who Makes International Law? The Case of the Law of Armed Conflict. Here's the abstract:
Who makes international law? That is the subject of this article, with a focus on the particular case of the law of armed conflict (international humanitarian law). Is it states and only states? Or are other actors also involved? What is the role of international courts and tribunals? And where does the work of the International Committee of the Red Cross fit? Drawing on ideas of communities of practice and interactional international law, the article argues that it is the community of international humanitarian lawyers that makes international humanitarian law through a process of dialogic interaction. This community includes states, international courts and tribunals, the International Committee of the Red Cross, academics, and others. Through interaction in the selection of issues, during the drafting of outputs, and following the publication of the finished product, the community makes and shapes international humanitarian law. States thus play a crucial role in law-making, particularly insofar as the conclusion of treaties and the formation of customary international law are concerned. However, states have tended not to react to the interpretation, application and identification of the law by other members of the community. This relative silence on the part of states has had a number of consequences. Silence has been taken as acquiescence. The response of other members of the community to the publication of an output has taken on a greater significance. And states have been side-lined. The Article concludes by discussing ways in which states can re-engage in the making and shaping of international humanitarian law.

New Issue: Journal of Conflict Resolution

The latest issue of the Journal of Conflict Resolution (Vol. 62, no. 1, January 2018) is out. Contents include:
  • Benjamin J. Appel, In the Shadow of the International Criminal Court: Does the ICC Deter Human Rights Violations?
  • Thomas Zeitzoff, Does Social Media Influence Conflict? Evidence from the 2012 Gaza Conflict
  • Oliver Kaplan & Enzo Nussio, Explaining Recidivism of Ex-combatants in Colombia
  • Michaela Mattes, “Chipping Away at the Issues” Piecemeal Dispute Resolution and Territorial Conflict
  • Nizan Feldman & Tal Sadeh, War and Third-party Trade
  • Sandra Penic, Guy Elcheroth, & Dario Spini, When Is Collective Exposure to War Events Related to More Acceptance of Collective Guilt?
  • Christoph Mikulaschek & Jacob N. Shapiro, Lessons on Political Violence from America’s Post–9/11 Wars
  • Jóhanna K. Birnir, David D. Laitin, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, David M. Waguespack, Agatha S. Hultquist, & Ted R. Gurr, Introducing the AMAR (All Minorities at Risk) Data